Developmental Checklist

Check List Photo

Gross Motor Skills

By 4 Months
  • Bears weight on forearms when on belly
  • Plays with feet
  • Holds head in midline
  • Rolls from back to side
  • Brings hands together when laying on back
By 6 Months
  • Sits alone for short periods
  • Begins to belly crawl
  • Rolls back to belly and belly to back
  • Grabs feet and brings them to mouth
  • On belly props up on straight elbows
By 9 Months
  • Maintains sitting for at least 60 seconds with hands free to play
  • Crawls independently
  • Pulls to stands from floor
  • Walks with 2 hands held
By 12 Months
  • Cruises along furniture
  • Independent standing
  • Gets into and out of sitting
  • Corrals a ball with arms and hands in sitting
  • Transitions sit to stand and stand to sit
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Walks independently with arms at side
  • Walks up and down 3-4 steps with railing
  • Walks backwards 5 steps
  • Throws a ball while maintaining balance
  • Rides a push bike
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Stoops down to retrieve toy and returns to standing
  • Jumps down off low surface
  • Jumps forward about 4 inches
  • Goes up stairs without rail (both feet on each step)
  • Throws ball 3 feet in air
  • Kicks ball 3 feet forward
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Stands on one foot for 3 seconds (hands on hips)
  • Jumps forward 24 inches
  • Jumps down 24 inches
  • Catches a large ball
  • Throws ball underhand
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Walks up stairs without rail (one foot on each step)
  • Rides a tricycle
  • Hops 3 times on one foot
  • Kicks a large ball in place
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Stands on one foot for 5 seconds (hands on hips)
  • Hops 5-8 times on each foot
  • Rides a 2-wheeled bike with training wheels
  • Walks backwards on a line over 4 feet
  • Jumps forward 30 inches
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Completes sit ups
  • Able to skip
  • Completes jumping jacks
  • Rides a 2-wheeler without training wheels
  • Completes push-ups

Fine Motor Skills

By 4 Months
  • Grasps rattle when placed in hand
  • Reaches toward and touches toy
  • Hits at dangling objects with hands
  • Responds to a smile with a smile
  • Likes looking at a human face most
By 6 Months
  • Reaches for a toy when playing on belly
  • Holds a toy and shakes it
  • Puts fingers in mouth
  • Holds hands open at least 1/2 of the time
  • Smiles at self in mirror
By 9 Months
  • Waves bye-bye
  • Releases objects intentionally
  • Feeds self finger foods
  • Bangs a toy on the floor
  • Passes a small object between hands
By 12 Months
  • Grasp thick crayon or pencil in fist, does not mark
  • Turns page of a cardboard book
  • Helps to pull off simple clothing
  • Puts objects into others
  • Pulls shoes off
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Turns a container to pour or dump contents
  • Turns a small knob
  • Gets spoon in mouth right-side up
  • Helps to dress and undress self
  • Puts large round pegs into pegboard
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Drinks from cup independently
  • Looks independently at picture books
  • Zips and unzips easy zippers
  • Uses play dough, paint and paper
  • Scribbles without going off paper
  • Builds a 4-6 block tower
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Washes hands by self
  • Hand preference is established
  • Imitates drawing a vertical line
  • Puts square, round and triangular shapes into board
  • Spontaneously draws strokes, dots and circles
  • Stacks 7-8 small blocks
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Grasps pencil with thumb and fingers instead of fist
  • Screws and unscrews jar lids
  • Eats with a fork (with spillage)
  • Pours accurately from one container to another
  • Completes a simple 3 piece puzzle
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Puts socks on correctly
  • Colors almost entirely within lines of circle
  • Draws a person with 3 different body parts
  • Dresses and undresses without much help
  • Copies a cross
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Copies and cuts a square
  • Copies color/shape sequence
  • Zips most zippers
  • Traces around own hand with crayon
  • Completes simple dot to dot pictures

Speech

By 4 Months
  • Sucks from breast or bottle
  • Cooing: vowel sounds
  • Vocalizes some sounds
  • Produces a variety of facial expressions
By 6 Months
  • Cup drinking is introduced
  • Soft, smooth solids
  • Moves chewed food to center of mouth before swallowing
By 9 Months
  • Babbles same sounds
  • Responds to “no”
  • Vocalizes different syllables
  • Tolerates smooth solid foods
  • Makes sounds while eating with food in mouth
By 12 Months
  • Feeding self with fingers
  • Babbles using different sounds
  • Takes turns vocalizing
  • Points/gestures
  • Tolerates coarsely chopped food
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Uses 10-20 words
  • Combines 2 words (all done)
  • Names at least 5 items
  • Responds to “yes/no”
  • Retrieves objects from another room when asked
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Frequently uses 2 word phrase
  • Demonstrates verbal turn taking
  • Has at least 100 words
  • Eats table foods with mixed textures
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Gives first name
  • Answers “where” questions
  • Uses 3-4 word utterances
  • Identifies object by function
  • Responds to greetings
  • Has approximately 450 words
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Has about 1000 words
  • Converses in sentences
  • Ask questions
  • Responds to “wh-” questions
  • Is 75% intelligible
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Uses 4-5 word sentences
  • Understands time concepts
  • Uses contractions (don’t)
  • Follows multi-step directions
  • Asks many questions including “who” and “why”
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Uses a variety of sentences
  • Vocabulary of 2000 words
  • Can tell a story with plot
  • Is 90-100% intelligible
  • Asks questions to get more information

If your child is not reaching these developmental milestones, please contact us today.

Developmental Checklist

Is your child meeting their developmental milestones?
Use our interactive screening tool to see if your 1-6 year old is on track with their gross motor, fine motor, speech, and sensory skills.