Developmental Checklist

Check List Photo

Gross Motor Skills

By 4 Months
  • Bears weight on forearms when on belly
  • Plays with feet
  • Holds head in midline
  • Rolls from back to side
  • Brings hands together when laying on back
By 6 Months
  • Sits alone for short periods
  • Begins to belly crawl
  • Rolls back to belly and belly to back
  • Grabs feet and brings them to mouth
  • On belly props up on straight elbows
By 9 Months
  • Maintains sitting for at least 60 seconds with hands free to play
  • Crawls independently
  • Pulls to stands from floor
  • Walks with 2 hands held
By 12 Months
  • Cruises along furniture
  • Independent standing
  • Gets into and out of sitting
  • Corrals a ball with arms and hands in sitting
  • Transitions sit to stand and stand to sit
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Walks independently with arms at side
  • Walks up and down 3-4 steps with railing
  • Walks backwards 5 steps
  • Throws a ball while maintaining balance
  • Rides a push bike
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Stoops down to retrieve toy and returns to standing
  • Jumps down off low surface
  • Jumps forward about 4 inches
  • Goes up stairs without rail (both feet on each step)
  • Throws ball 3 feet in air
  • Kicks ball 3 feet forward
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Stands on one foot for 3 seconds (hands on hips)
  • Jumps forward 24 inches
  • Jumps down 24 inches
  • Catches a large ball
  • Throws ball underhand
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Walks up stairs without rail (one foot on each step)
  • Rides a tricycle
  • Hops 3 times on one foot
  • Kicks a large ball in place
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Stands on one foot for 5 seconds (hands on hips)
  • Hops 5-8 times on each foot
  • Rides a 2-wheeled bike with training wheels
  • Walks backwards on a line over 4 feet
  • Jumps forward 30 inches
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Completes sit ups
  • Able to skip
  • Completes jumping jacks
  • Rides a 2-wheeler without training wheels
  • Completes push-ups

Fine Motor Skills

By 4 Months
  • Grasps rattle when placed in hand
  • Reaches toward and touches toy
  • Hits at dangling objects with hands
  • Responds to a smile with a smile
  • Likes looking at a human face most
By 6 Months
  • Reaches for a toy when playing on belly
  • Holds a toy and shakes it
  • Puts fingers in mouth
  • Holds hands open at least 1/2 of the time
  • Smiles at self in mirror
By 9 Months
  • Waves bye-bye
  • Releases objects intentionally
  • Feeds self finger foods
  • Bangs a toy on the floor
  • Passes a small object between hands
By 12 Months
  • Grasp thick crayon or pencil in fist, does not mark
  • Turns page of a cardboard book
  • Helps to pull off simple clothing
  • Puts objects into others
  • Pulls shoes off
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Turns a container to pour or dump contents
  • Turns a small knob
  • Gets spoon in mouth right-side up
  • Helps to dress and undress self
  • Puts large round pegs into pegboard
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Drinks from cup independently
  • Looks independently at picture books
  • Zips and unzips easy zippers
  • Uses play dough, paint and paper
  • Scribbles without going off paper
  • Builds a 4-6 block tower
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Washes hands by self
  • Hand preference is established
  • Imitates drawing a vertical line
  • Puts square, round and triangular shapes into board
  • Spontaneously draws strokes, dots and circles
  • Stacks 7-8 small blocks
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Grasps pencil with thumb and fingers instead of fist
  • Screws and unscrews jar lids
  • Eats with a fork (with spillage)
  • Pours accurately from one container to another
  • Completes a simple 3 piece puzzle
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Puts socks on correctly
  • Colors almost entirely within lines of circle
  • Draws a person with 3 different body parts
  • Dresses and undresses without much help
  • Copies a cross
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Copies and cuts a square
  • Copies color/shape sequence
  • Zips most zippers
  • Traces around own hand with crayon
  • Completes simple dot to dot pictures

Speech

By 4 Months
  • Sucks from breast or bottle
  • Cooing: vowel sounds
  • Vocalizes some sounds
  • Produces a variety of facial expressions
By 6 Months
  • Cup drinking is introduced
  • Soft, smooth solids
  • Moves chewed food to center of mouth before swallowing
By 9 Months
  • Babbles same sounds
  • Responds to “no”
  • Vocalizes different syllables
  • Tolerates smooth solid foods
  • Makes sounds while eating with food in mouth
By 12 Months
  • Feeding self with fingers
  • Babbles using different sounds
  • Takes turns vocalizing
  • Points/gestures
  • Tolerates coarsely chopped food
By 18 Months (1 1/2 years)
  • Uses 10-20 words
  • Combines 2 words (all done)
  • Names at least 5 items
  • Responds to “yes/no”
  • Retrieves objects from another room when asked
By 24 Months (2 years)
  • Frequently uses 2 word phrase
  • Demonstrates verbal turn taking
  • Has at least 100 words
  • Eats table foods with mixed textures
By 30 Months (2 1/2 years)
  • Gives first name
  • Answers “where” questions
  • Uses 3-4 word utterances
  • Identifies object by function
  • Responds to greetings
  • Has approximately 450 words
By 36 Months (3 years)
  • Has about 1000 words
  • Converses in sentences
  • Ask questions
  • Responds to “wh-” questions
  • Is 75% intelligible
By 48 Months (4 years)
  • Uses 4-5 word sentences
  • Understands time concepts
  • Uses contractions (don’t)
  • Follows multi-step directions
  • Asks many questions including “who” and “why”
By 60 Months (5 years)
  • Uses a variety of sentences
  • Vocabulary of 2000 words
  • Can tell a story with plot
  • Is 90-100% intelligible
  • Asks questions to get more information

If your child is not reaching these developmental milestones, please contact us today.